The word “electronic keyboard” describes any instrument that produces sound by the pressing or striking of keys, and uses electricity, in some manner, to facilitate the roll-out of that sound. The use of buy digital piano to create music follows an inevitable evolutionary line from the 1st musical keyboard instruments, the pipe organ, clavichord, and harpsichord. The pipe organ is the oldest of such, initially developed by the Romans in the 3rd century B.C., and called the hydraulis. The hydraulis produced sound by forcing air through reed pipes, and was powered by means of a manual water pump or even a natural water source such as a waterfall.
From it’s first manifestation in ancient Rome until the 14th century, the organ remained the only real keyboard instrument. Many times, it did not include a keyboard at all, instead utilizing large levers or buttons that have been operated by utilizing the whole hand.
The subsequent appearance of the clavichord and harpsichord inside the 1300’s was accelerated through the standardization from the 12-tone keyboard of white natural keys and black sharp/flat keys found in all keyboard instruments of today. The popularity in the clavichord and harpsichord was eventually eclipsed through the development and widespread adoption in the piano in the 18th century. The piano was actually a revolutionary advancement in acoustic musical keyboards since a pianist could vary the volume (or dynamics) of the sound the instrument produced by varying the force with which each key was struck.
The emergence of electronic sound technology in the 18th century was the next essential part of the development of the current electronic keyboard. The first electrified musical instrument was considered to be the Denis d’or (built by Vaclav Prokop Dovis), dating from about 1753. This is shortly followed by the “clavecin electrique” introduced by Jean Baptiste Thillaie de Laborde around 1760. The previous instrument was comprised of over 700 strings temporarily electrified to improve their sonic qualities. The later was a keyboard instrument featuring plectra, or picks, which were activated electrically.
While being electrified, neither the Denis d’or or the clavecin used electricity as a sound source. In 1876, Elisha Gray invented such an instrument called the “musical telegraph.,” that was, essentially, the first analog electronic synthesizer. Gray discovered that he could control sound from a self-vibrating electromagnetic circuit, and so invented a simple single note oscillator. His musical telegraph created sounds from the electromagnetic oscillation of steel reeds and transmitted them spanning a telephone line. Grey continued to include an easy loudspeaker into his later models which was comprised of a diaphragm vibrating in a magnetic field, making the tone oscillator audible.
Lee De Forrest, the self-styled “Father Of Radio,” was the following major cause of the growth of the electronic keyboard. In 1906 he invented the triode electronic valve or “audion valve.” The audion valve was the very first thermionic valve or “vacuum tube,” and De Forrest built the first vacuum tube instrument, the “Audion Piano,” in 1915. The vacuum tube became an essential component of electronic instruments for the next half a century up until the emergence and widespread adoption of transistor technology.
The decade from the 1920’s brought a great deal of new electronic instruments onto the scene such as the Theremin, the Ondes Martenot, as well as the Trautonium.
The next major breakthrough inside the past of best weighted piano keyboard arrived in 1935 with the introduction of the Hammond Organ. The Hammond was the first electronic instrument able to producing polyphonic sounds, and remained so until the invention of the Chamberlin Music Maker, and also the Mellotron in the late 1940’s and early 1950’s. The Chamberlin and also the Mellotron were the very first ever sample-playback keyboards designed for making music.
The electronic piano made it’s first appearance within the 1940’s with all the “Pre-Piano” by Rhodes (later Fender Rhodes). This was a three as well as a half octave instrument created from 1946 until 1948 that came equipped with self-amplification. In 1955 the Wurlitzer Company debuted their first electric piano, “The 100.”
An upswing of music synthesizers inside the 1960’s gave a powerful push to the evolution from the electronic musical keyboards we have now today. The first synthesizers were extremely large, unwieldy machines used only in recording studios. The technological advancements and proliferation of miniaturized solid state components soon allowed the creation of synthesizers which were self-contained, portable instruments able to used in live performances.
This began in 1964 when Bob Moog produced his “Moog Synthesizer.” Lacking a keyboard, the Moog Synthesizer was not truly an electronic keyboard. Then, in 1970, Moog debuted his “Minimoog,” a non-modular synthesizer with a built-in keyboard, and this instrument further standardized the appearance of electronic musical keyboards.
Most early analog synthesizers, like the Minimoog as well as the Roland SH-100, were monophonic, able to producing just one tone at any given time. A few, like the EML 101, ARP Odyssey, and also the Moog Sonic Six, could produce two different tones simultaneously when two keys were pressed. True polyphony (the creation of multiple simultaneous tones which allow for uwetwb playing of chords) was just obtainable, at first, using electronic organ designs. There have been several electronic keyboards produced which combined organ circuits with synthesizer processing. These included Moog’s Polymoog, Opus 3, and the ARP Omni.
By 1976, additional design advancements had allowed the look of polyphonic synthesizers including the Oberheim Four-Voice, as well as the Yamaha series CS-50, CS-60, and CS-80. The very first truly practical polyphonic synth, introduced in 1977, was the Sequential Circuits Prophet-5. This instrument was the first one to utilize a microprocessor as being a controller, as well as allowed all knob settings to become saved in computer memory and recalled by just pushing some control. The Prophet-5’s design soon took over as the new standard in the electronic keyboards industry.
The adoption of Musical Instrumental Digital Interface (MIDI) as the standard for digital code transmission (allowing electronic keyboards to become connected into computers as well as other devices for input and programming), as well as the ongoing digital technological revolution have produced tremendous advancements in all aspects of best digital piano keyboard, construction, function, sound quality, and cost. Today’s manufactures, like Casio, Yamaha, Korg, Rolland, and Kurzweil, are producing an abundance of well-built, lightweight, versatile, great sounding, and affordable electronic keyboard musical instruments and definately will continue to do so well to the foreseeable future.